The Superior Court, Georgia's general jurisdiction trial court, has exclusive constitutional authority over felony cases, cases regarding title to land and equity, declaratory judgments, habeas corpus, mandamus, adoptions, name changes, divorces, child custody, and child support enforcement.
Civil Cases are actions brought to enforce, redress, or protect private rights. In general, they are all types of actions other than criminal proceedings. With the exception of family violence cases, these cases tend to be custom prepared to fit the particular circumstance in which the plaintiff was aggrieved. Everyone has the Constitutional Right to pursue legal actions on their own; however, because of unfamiliarity of legal procedures, it would be wise to seek the advice of an attorney when pursuing litigation at the Superior Court level.State law prohibits the Clerk and all deputy clerks from giving any type of legal advice.
A criminal felony case is a proceeding by which a person charged with a crime is brought to trial and either found not guilty or guilty and sentenced accordingly. In Georgia, all criminal felony cases are tried by the Superior Court of the county in which the crime is alleged to have been committed. The cases that fall into this category range from theft offenses to murder for which the prosecutor may seek the death penalty.
The Juvenile Court handles children under the age of 17 who have been charged with a delinquent offense, 16 and under who have been charged with a traffic offense, and under the age 18 who have deemed to be a dependent child or Children In Need Of Services (CHINS). The Juvenile Court also handles emancipation, parental notification of abortion, mental competency and transfers from Superior Court.
If you have questions about courts please call 478-825-5331.